The Battle of Stones River in Tennessee - aka, the Battle of Murfreesboro - began at dawn today, Dec. 31, 1862, and continued through the first two days of January 1863.
The Western Reserve Chronicle reports that the fighting has caused a "great deal of anxiety and apprehension, not only for the success of Union armies, but also because a large portion of the soldiers from this vicinity, were known to have engaged."
Another column in the Chronicle was datelined Jan. 5, 1863, at the battlefield near Murfreesboro, with the headline:
''OUR DEAD AND WOUNDED.''
Here is that report:
Messrs. Editors: The following is a correct list of casualties in Company C, 19th Ohio Infantry, in the battles of December 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863:
DECEMBER 31, WOUNDED
Captain Henry G. Stratton, acting Major, severely, left hip, but will recover.
Corporal Asael Adams, left leg, severely
Private James Boyd, right leg, severely
Private N.U. Dally, left leg, severely
Private William P. Gartman, hand, severely
Private Henry King, left leg, severely
Private Milo Wilson, hand, slightly
JANUARY 2, 1863
Lieutenant Job D. Bell, killed
Corporal Henry S. Shafer, killed
Private Lucius J. Scott, killed
Private Hiram Rader, mortally wounded, since died
Sergeant James J. Bailey, slightly in arm
Corporal Charles W. Talbitzer, leg, severely
Corporal John B. Lewis, left hip, severely
Private George W. Allen, neck, slightly
Private Henry W. Allen, hand, slightly
Private Ira A. Haight, right leg, severely
Private William J. Miller, left leg, broken
Private Daniel Powell, left leg, severely
Private Robert Reid, left side, slightly
Private Joseph Scott, right leg, severely
Private Miller Wilson, both legs, severely
Private N.S. Baldwin was injured by an ambulance team running away and striking him - not serious
The following "missing" are supposed to be prisoners from January 2nd:
John H. Dunn, William Mahony, and Thomas Jenkins.
There are none of the wounded who will be disabled, and all are well cared for and in good spirits.
Captain Stratton has honorable mention in our official reports for gallant behavior and bravery.
Lieutenant Bell was shot through the heart cheering his men on, and had won in the battle of the 31st a name for gallant and heroic action. We deeply sympathise with the friends of those who have fallen, in their affliction. No better or braver soldiers ever bore arms than were Shafer, Scott, and Rader, and they were universally respected and esteemed by their comrades.
We were victorious over the enemy, though at the sacrifice of many brave and noble lives.
HOMER C. REID, 2nd Lieutenant, commanding Co. C
A letter from Capt. Henry G. Stratton says Lt. Charles R. Harmon, 24th Ohio Infantry, was killed. In speaking of his own, Capt. Stratton says:
Something struck him in the hip, and down he went. It proved to be a ball, and not a piece of shell, as he feared. While on the ground, he was passed by rebel regiments, and was surrounded by dead and wounded comrades. He found that he must do something to save himself, and crawled until he came across a gun, with the assistance of which he regained his feet, and after a painful tramp of two hours, met our pickets, by whom he was conveyed to the hospital, and is now doing well.
In Company K, Lieutenant Wolcott had his left foot shot off.
We learn that private letters received here yesterday, state that Mr. John Cowan, of this place, died in hospital at Nashville, a few days since.
The Cleveland Herald of last evening, furnishes the following:
Company G, 19th Ohio Infantry - Killed, Charles Castmore. Wounded, Sergeant William Hurst, G. Merwin, face; Newton Lawson, shoulder; H. Towman, fingers; J. Wilmouth, arm and shoulder; Lyman Dull, arm. Missing 5.
24th Ohio Infantry - Killed, Colonel Jones, Major Terry, Captain Weller, Lieutenant Charles R. Harmon. Wounded, Lieutenant Diehl, Co. H; Lieutenant Horton, Co. I; Lieutenant Draeger, Lieutenant Acker; Lewis Ruber, Co. C, right hand, Summit County; William Roller, Co. C, nose, Mahoning County; W. Adams, Co. I, hip, Cuyahoga County. Loss of privates heavy.
Company A, 41st Ohio Infantry - Capt. J.W. McCleery (on Col. Hazen's staff), wounded in leg; Lieutenant C.C. Hart, commanding, killed; Albert McFarland, John M. Wagoner, killed.
Wounded - Sergts. James J. Mattocks, severely, Sheldon Crooks, slightly; Corporal Philip A. Bowers, privates Julius A. Cutler, C.A. Bennett, Hiram C. Kesser, George A. Clark, Edward Pfouts (wounded and missing), C.K. Smith, all severely; Albert Frost, Milo Ritchie, William Shirley, Adolphus Flint, Asbury Hewitt, all slightly.
Missing - John Little, Addison Lincoln.
NOTE: On Jan. 3, 1863, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his troops from the Stones River battlefield, believing that Union Army reinforcements were imminent. This proved to be incorrect. Union Maj. General William S. Rosecrans and his soldiers were left in possession of the field. Thus Rosecrans declared Stones River a Union victory.
The stalemated fight cost 1,730 Union dead, 7,802 wounded and 3,717 missing. Bragg fared little better with 1,294 Confederate dead, 7,945 wounded and 1,027 missing. Rosecrans declined pursuit of the retreating rebel army.
In Warren, the returning veterans did not forget their fallen comrades Job D. Bel and Charles R. Harmon. In 1880, they named the Warren post of the Grand Army of the Republic the Bell-Harmon G.A.R. Post.
In Burghill, the veterans named their G.A.R. Post - the McFarland Post - in honor of Albert McFarland who had died at Stones River in Tennessee.
Compiled by members of the CW150 Committee of Warren's Sutliff Museum.